Gandhi, the Father of Nation, proved himself to be one of the greatest messengers of peace and the whole world has witnessed and this peace became the soul of his political philosophy. No doubt, it was Gandhi’s effort to world peace that the world came to know the power of peace. In the pre-independence era of our country, Gandhi developed his view against the background of a world of violence. Gandhi’s message of peace took all its sharpness and sensitivity against this violence. Gandhi recognized violence as the root cause of all evils and all evils are thus reduced to violence against the spirit of truth. Hence for him, non-violence or ahimsa became the only path to truth and the ultimate solution to the problems of life of a common man.
Today, the United Nations is making its best efforts for international peace and humanity. Many agencies are working for the UN to make aware of the importance of peace. Hence, the first step of peace education is to keep students fully conversant with the aim of world peace. Numerous activities can be envisaged for educational institutions which will help to foster a love for international peace. These institutes can organize study sessions, group discussions, and talks by the staff or by guest speakers or other similar activities.
Education for peace basically requires the development of peace consciousness as a necessary atmosphere in academic institutions. This requires a general pattern or framework of the learning experience, work experiences and co-curricular or extra-curricular involvements for providing an ever greater and well-organized awareness of peace. Regular efforts should be made to keep violence outside the scope of the institution. Gandhi says, “We have to make this training school (the Basic School) a school for winning freedom and for the solution of all our ills, of which the primary one our communal troubles. And for this purpose, we shall have to concentrate on non-violence”.
Like other Gandhian values, peace would constitute a symbol in the institution of the students to cherish joy. Violence in thought, speech or action will become a taboo against which every student will guard himself. All efforts must be directed at this end of developing in the academic institution a lasting awareness and love of peace.
The use of peace based materials in schools can be a method of peace education. Instructional material can be developed for students which can be easily accessed by them. These materials can be in narrative fictional or descriptive form based on historical or fictional events that can successfully put an impression on the minds of students. Peace consciousness can be developed as part of education through the method of cultural studies. Efforts should be made in education to promote peace based culture studies. Considerable cultural interaction can be promoted at the school level to develop a better understanding between communities with diverse cultural experiences.
Inter-religious experiences will constitute another method of promoting peace education. Gandhi says, “The communal unity is not confined to the Hindus and Muslims only, it extends to all, including the Englishman….. That is the message of non-violence.” Educational institutes should provide students with religious experiences that belong to the different religions in our country. These efforts can be based on those prayers, functions, and ceremonies that have a universal, human significance and can be easily acceptable to members of the communities. Exposure to such religious services will enable students to develop a clear sense of sympathy attraction as well as reverence for the religious viewpoints of other communities.
Educational institutions may employ suitable methods of developing peace education which can work in total harmony with the working of the institute and of course society. Gandhian education is basically an education for peace and tolerance that would clear the way to truth and love. The methods of education can be oriented to develop peace in the individual as well as in the Nation.
Let’s us join hands together for promoting peace in the society not Piece of the society……
Brief About the Author
ASEEM SAXENA, Faculty of Commerce, Trainer (Soft Skills), Indore
Aseem Saxena is a freelance writer and translator, worked in corporate houses from 1991 and then switched over to academics in 1997. Taught the number of undergraduate students in Commerce and Management.
Graduated in commerce and then pursued post-graduation in Commerce, Economics and English Literature. Later on, adding Post Graduate Diploma in Management in Finance, Master of Philosophy and Bachelor of Education and finally ended up with Doctorate in Management. During the academic experience, I attended the number of workshops through Management Colleges and Academic Staff College.
At present busy in writing articles and translating stories from English to Hindi and visa-versa. Working on short stories by Franc Kafka and believes in the philosophy “If it is possible it is done if it is impossible it will be done”.
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- Harijan, 10 February 1940
- Harijan, 18 February 1940
- Ibid 10 March 1940
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- Macdonald, D. in Profiles, p.110
- King M.L., in Profiles, p.191
- Towards New Education. P.21
- Thomas, N., in Profiles, p.166
- Bhatia, B.D., Philosophy, p.21
- Gandhi, M.K., in Profiles, p.45
- To the Students, p.173
- Mahatma, Vol.4 p.246
- Mahatma, Vol.7, p.96
- To the Students, p.146